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City policy: we must define “a new division of responsibilities between the state and local authorities”

By refusing an umpteenth “suburbs plan”, Emmanuel Macron notes the failure of a national approach begun nearly forty years ago, argues the university Thibault Tellier in a forum at the “World”.

Emmanuel Macron, President of the Republic, speaks to residents and actors of the suburbs at the Elysee, May 22.

Tribune. Thus, the plan concocted by Jean-Louis Borloo (“Living together, living in large, for a national reconciliation”) and his teams for several months and made April 26 to the Prime Minister will have lived until the taking of presidential speech, Tuesday 22 May. But this time with a size gap. During his speech at the Elysee Palace, the President of the Republic announced that he did not intend to take over the proposals of the former minister of the city, especially with regard to the financial part of the plan estimated at 48 billion euros.

In doing so, it broke with a certain state tradition of announcing an ambitious plan for the suburbs, following the publication of a report which recommended new modalities for public action for the benefit of neighborhoods. difficulty.

Some do not fail to criticize the lack of scale of the proposals announced by the President of the Republic, moreover, in view of the proposals suggested by the one who was at the origin of the policy of urban renewal committed in France in 2003. Should we conclude that there is no event, or even a lack of ambition? Nothing is less certain, if one wishes to place this intervention in the (already) long history of the politics of the city.

Since the introduction of this policy in the late 1970s and the holding in 1979, already at the Elysee and in the presence of the President of the Republic, the first “central planning council” for the definition of a policy of development for the suburbs, each President of the Republic was keen to announce a new plan for these peripheral territories.

Limits of the exercise

From François Mitterrand, with the implementation of the “social development of neighborhoods” policy in 1981, until Nicolas Sarkozy and the announcement in 2008 .

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